Computer Languages

Computer Languages
LANGUAGE ORIGIN OF NAME YEAR USES/COMMENTS
ADA Augusta ADA Byron (Lady Lovelace) 1979 Derived from Pascal, used primarily by the military.
ALGOL ALGOrithmic Language 1960 First structured procedural programming language, used mainly for solving mathematics problems.
APL A Programming Language 1961 Interpreted language using a large set of special symbols and terse syntax. Used primarily by mathematicians.
BASIC Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code 1965 Very popular high-level programming language, frequently used by beginning programmers.
C Predecessor was Bell Laboratory’s 1972 B Programming Language 1972 Compiled, structured programming language, commonly used in many workplaces because its programs are easy to transfer between different types of computers.
C ++ Advanced version of C. Developed at ATT Bell Labs. 1985 C++ is used in numerous fields, such as accounting and finance systems, and computer-aided design. Supports object-oriented programming.
C# C Sharp 2000 Progression from C and C++, developed by Microsoft. Object-oriented language that is embedded in an Internet-friendly software environment and enables programmers to build a range of applications.
COBOL COmmon Business-Oriented Language 1959 English-like programming language, emphasizes data structures. Widely used, especially in businesses.
FORTH FOuRTH generation language 1970 Interpreted, structured language, easily extended. Provides high functionality in limited space.
FORTRAN FORmula TRANslation 1954 Initially designed for scientific and engineering uses, a high-level, compiled language now used in many fields. Precursor of several concepts, such as variables, conditional statements, and separately compiled subroutines.
JAVA Developed by Sun Microsystems 1990 Originally developed for use in set-top boxes, transitioned to the World Wide Web in 1994.
LISP LISt Processing 1960 A list-oriented programming language, mainly used to manipulate lists of data. Interpreted language, often used in research, generally considered the “standard” language for Artificial Intelligence (AI) projects.
LOGO Derived from Greek logos, meaning word 1968 Programming language often used with children. Features a simple drawing environment and several higher-level features from LISP. Primarily educational.
Modula-2 MODULAr Language, designed as secondary phase of Pascal (Niklaus Wirth devised both) 1980 Language that emphasizes modular programming. High-level language based on Pascal, characterized by lack of standard functions and procedures.
Pascal Blaise PASCAL, mathematician and inventor of first computing device. 1971 Compiled, structured language, based on ALGOL. Adds data types and structures while simplifying syntax. Like C language, it is a standard development language for microcomputers.
PILOT Programmed Inquiry, Learning Or Teaching 1969 Programming language used primarily to create applications for computer-aided instruction. Contains very little syntax.
PL/1 Programming Language 1 1964 Designed to combine the key features of FORTRAN, COBOL, and ALGOL, a complex programming language. Compiled, structured language capable of error handling and multitasking, used in some academic and research environments.
VB Visual Basic 1990 Sometimes called the Rapid Applications Development system, is used to build applications quickly.

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One Response to Computer Languages

  1. Unbelievable, that’ s exactly what I was seeking for! You just saved me alot of work

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